According to the Cherokee Nation of Mexico (an English-speaking people with “English” names) the Cherokee were originally a Central American people (or immigrants to the Americas), driven north by the Olmecs. Their homelands were the contemporary U.S. states of North Carolina and Georgia. Under pressure from the United States, Cherokee first began their emigration to Mexico in 1820. In 1822, Cherokee were granted the right of settlement in Texas and Coahuila. Threatened by Anglo settlement, many Texas Cherokee moved south of the Rio Grande/del Bravo after Texas gained independence, and even more after Texas was annexed by the United States.
The most famous Cherokee in history to come and live in the freedom of Coahuila, Mexico was Sequoyah. This world famous educator is the only person in human history to develop a written system of syllables, which enabled all Cherokees to be able to write their language proficiently after only two months of study. For this work of genius, the great Sequoyah was featured in every U.S. newspaper and most major world publications.
He was an U.S. Army veteran known, honored and loved in his time by the red and white man throughout the United States. To this day, U.S. national parks and giant redwood trees bear his name. For his achievements, he was given a house and a yearly monetary pension for the rest of his life in the military-controlled Indian territory, yet he loved and valued freedom so much that he urged all Cherokees to live as a free people in Coahuila, Mexico. Indeed, earlier (in 1836), Chief John Ross had been denied permission by the U.S. Secretary of War to be allowed to sell the Cherokee lands and move the entire tribe to Mexico. Much later, in 1895, the Western Cherokees would consider a vote to move to Mexico to whence Sequoyah had moved in 1842.
The Cherokee Nation, led by Chief Charles Jahtlohi Rogers M.D., was officially recognized by the Mexican Republic in 1992, and the State of Coahuila in 2001.
Although immigrants, of a sort, another indigenous Latin American community is also finally being recognized. This really has little to do with Mexico, though you’ll notice “indigenous” doesn’t always refer to “race” in Latin America: