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The Mennonites in Mexico

27 October 2006

Someone on Lonely Planet brought up the subject of the Mennonites living in Mexico. Since one of my favorite uncles used to be a practicing Mennonite in Northern Indiana, and since I’m always interested in the subcultures who have settled in Mex, I’ve decided to write a bit about them.

Menonas (Mennonites) are a conservative Christian religious group which originally chose to live in communities which shun secular life. After being pushed out of Europe and Russia, they scattered to Northern Africa, U.S., Canada, Brazil, Paraguay, Mexico, and to Belize, etc. seeking religious freedom. The Mennonites pledge their allegiance to a higher power (God) and steadfastly refuse to pledge allegiance to a nation. They are pacifists and will not fight in wars. They still speak in low German (Plautdeitsch), which is an old unwritten language. It is the issue of refusal to join the military that often causes the most friction in the countries they reside in. Migration map from 1500’s to present

When Canadian laws changed, Mennonites, who refused to send their children to government schools, faced imprisonment. Mononas insist on educating the children in their own private schools. The strict rules of the Mennonite community prohibited conscription into the Canadian armies and the teaching of English. The believers didn’t want to interact with “outsiders” and rejected modern technology (electricity, automobiles, telephones, etc).

So in 1921, six elders left Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Canada for Mexico. Long story short, the exodus began in 1922 for many Mennonites to found two main communities near Chihuahua, Mexico. The government of Mexico signed an agreement with them allowing for religious freedom that complied with the groups needs. Today, there are approximately 65,000 Menonas residing in these two communities.

They dress in stark contrast to their fellow Mexicans. The men wear denim overalls or jeans with suspenders and flannel shirts, and straw hats with brims. Some of the women wear white mesh bonnets, full, modest blouses, and full pleated skirts. Inter-marriages are rare, so the Mennonites still retain their European appearance. Women spend most of their time inside the community, and most do not even speak Spanish…. men have more interaction with “outsiders”, and most do speak some Spanish… but little or no English. It’s a patriarchal society with work duties divided along gender lines. Bet I can guess who has diaper duty.

Today, you can spot differences between the two Mennonite communities which are a mere 40 miles apart near the town of Cuauhtemoc (west of Chihuahua). Both are located in the vast arid desert. El Sabinal maintains strict and pious lives in accordance with Biblical teachings. Radio, television, music, autos and electricity are taboo. In the eyes of these Mennonites, they represent the worldly consumer society. Tractors may be used to plow the fields, but they may not use rubber tires on them as they aren’t allowed for transportation.

The second community of El Capulin has recently opened itself up to the outside world and has begun to embrace technical innovations. Teenaged boys wear baseball caps and Levis. The group may use cars, listen to the radio, ect. The use/abuse of alcohol is creeping into community and has caused a rise in crime and is of great concern to members.

When I’ve spent time in Juarez, Mexico, I’ve seen groups of these Cuauhtemoc Mennonites selling their popular cheese to restaurants and to the public. That didn’t surprise me, but what did, was that I witnessed them being picked up around 4:00pm by ‘brothers’ driving shiny new passenger vans. No more horse and buggy for the more “opened ones”.

The Cuauhtemoc based Mennonites still stay connected with their Canadian groups and often make treks back to their origins. Although some men take menial jobs outside their communities, most families support themselves by farming the land. During periods of droughts, the Canadian brethren give their Mexican brothers financial help to get their families through the rough periods. It seems that the people are getting more exposure to the outside in the larger Mexican cities and it’s bringing in problems that the Mennonites have not faced in the past.

For US police forces, the entry point into the labyrinth of today’s Mennonite drug network came via a grandfather named Cornelius Banman. It was November 23, 1989, and the Old Colony Mennonite sat in an aging pickup truck that inched towards a busy US border crossing in El Paso, Texas. Banman had pocketed several thousand dollars to deliver a load of Mennonite-made furniture from Cuauhtemoc to Winkler, Man. He had made the long, monotonous journey often. This time, however, he was in for a surprise.

A drug-sniffing dog was in another lineup when it suddenly charged towards Banman’s vehicle, barking hysterically and furiously pawing the ground beneath his truck. When startled agents tore into the furniture, they discovered over 100 kilograms of marijuana ‘bricks’ hidden in the false bottoms of a few couches. The estimated street value of the haul was $1.5 million. A 52-year old farmer who attended church regularly with his wife and children in Winkler, Banman was a ‘mule’ paid to courier drugs.

Soon, a trickle of Mennonite mules holding dual Canadian-Mexican citizenship would be detained by US border agents who realized they were encountering an unlikely new breed of drug smuggler.

By the late 1990’s, a fifth of the marijuana sold on the streets of Canada could be traced back to Mennonite drug kingpins holed up in Mexico. The slew of arrests did little to deter a steady strean of willing new recruits from teenagers to the elderly. And as confidence in the smuggling apparatus grew, so did the quantity and size of shipments. Source: Mexico Symposium

What can I say???

There are other Mennonite communities established near the town of Hopelchen in the state of Campeche, some outside Merida, in Chiapas, and in the suburbs of Mexico, City. As far as I know the group in Hopelchen is just farming. I drove down the dirt roads to their community a few years ago while on my way to the city of Campeche. The farmhouses and barns looked just like the ones I’d seen in Northern Indiana…. white, large and well-kempt.

It’s saddens me to think that some of the groups are breaking down because of the same addictions and greed that afflict the rest of society, but it’s probably inevitable. I don’t know where these other communities came from before settling in Mexico or when they arrived. I do know that each has their own rules regarding acceptance of the things in the secular world. Some groups are stricter/ more traditional than others.

I have seen some Mennonite “tourists” in Merida who were taking in the city sites with their families. They did dress in their Prussian-influenced duds and were speaking in low-German, but I didn’t follow them around to see if they rode back home in a horse drawn wagon or in a Ford stationwagon.

I’ve spoken with indigenous Mayan mothers in the Yucatan who have lamented to me that their young teens insist on dressing in trendy clothes rather than traditional clothing and that they are concerned about losing their kids to big city ways, too. With the constant blurring of cultural boundaries happening at such a rapid pace, it’s nearly impossible to hold onto old traditional ways of living. Once the people, who maintained an isolated existance, began interacting with the “outsiders” their lifestyles are at risk of being forever altered in positive and negative ways.

This is why one Mennonite community has sequestered itself deep into the jungle in Brazil.

54 Comments leave one →
  1. 2 May 2007 8:56 pm

    There’s a small Mennonite community near Aldama, here in southern Tamaulipas. Occasionally, they come and buy things in our store in Tampico and always speak English, albeit with a Germanic accent – I have never heard them speak Spanish although I am sure they must…

  2. 17 January 2008 6:40 pm

    When I as living in th city of Zacatecas in 1986 and 1987, there were always Mennonites about in the city selling cheese, which was similar to a New England cheddar. They were most likely from Chihuahua.

    Another time, traveling in the Durango area, I can’t remeber if it was north or south of Durango, there were Mennonites selling some food items at a crossroads in the highway, at the topes. Most of the sellers were young blonde girls wearing long dresses. I remember they were sellling some sort of baked items, maybe cookies. This would have been in April, 2004.

    Another time I was on Prince Edward Island, Canada and a busload of Mennonite tourists stopped off at the dock I was on, where fishermen were bringing in big Bluefin Tuna. Probably August of 2004 or 2005.

  3. buddy permalink
    2 February 2008 1:21 pm

    Canada is the best and the biggest producer of marijuana in the world. Estimates claim that British Columbia produces 2000 times more high quality marijuana that Holand, and 10 times more than the entire world. Canada suplies 90% of the US supply and is increasing its shipments to Europe. There is no Mexican marijuana sold in Canada by anyone, including mennonites. Mexican marijuana is garbage and it has absolutely no value in Canada, it would be hard to give away, never mind selling it. In the late 60’s and early 70’s marijuana was imported from Mexico, but not any more

    • Mario permalink
      28 September 2009 10:18 pm

      What about cocaine? I’m sure there must be some Mex tropical high grade desired in Canada somewhere?

      • Max permalink
        19 September 2013 8:51 am

        Cocaine is from South America; Mexico is in the way to the biggest World’s Drug Addicts Market: The Second Beast, USA. May God Almighty punish these criminals, sooner rather than latter.

      • Mario permalink
        19 September 2013 5:03 pm

        I know cocaine is from South America. The seperate sentences may have been a little confusing the way I wrote them. One was wondering about cocaine coming through the mexican pipeline, while the latter sentence was wondering if there is a high grade tropical marijuana from Mexico. Anyway… did you call America the second beast? Who’s on first?

      • 19 September 2013 8:49 pm

        Coca only grows on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes nountains… a long way from Mexico. Drug use in Mexico is still rather rare. Even at a 100 pct increase over the last few years, it’s a tiny fraction of the percentage of users in the U.S.

  4. Emily permalink
    29 February 2008 12:52 pm

    There is also a Mennonite community called Salamanca near Bacalar, Quintana Roo. They are very new to the area, having come over from the communities in Belize in the past 10 years. Does anyone have any more information about them?

  5. Christine permalink
    1 September 2008 1:25 pm

    Silent Light – what an engrossing film! I have never heard of Mennonites before watching it and wa unaware of their existence. I enjoyed the film very much but out of 2 hours of 18 minutes there seemed to be only 18 minutes of dialogue….people of few words indeed!

    • Juan permalink
      11 August 2014 12:57 pm

      First of all that movie is in NO way like real Mennonites. Get your facts right people, before commenting about it.
      People of few words?? You should hear how much us Mennonites can talk.

  6. john reimer permalink
    2 October 2008 6:16 pm

    hey all of you. im mennonite and my family grew up in Chihuahua mexico. if you have any quistens pleas feel free to email me at twiebe84@yahoo.com.

    • 28 September 2009 10:21 pm

      Hi John, I know the myth of your people is amazing, let alone the truth. I like the cheese you all make. Good for quesadillas. I’d like to visit your community sometime. I’m writing a script.

      • 29 September 2009 10:25 am

        Coca (Erythroxylum coca) doesn’t grow in Mexico.

  7. jamie permalink
    1 November 2008 1:08 pm

    Mennonites do and have used cars for a long time. It is the Amish who use the horse and buggy.

    As a Quaker from the Philly area, I have distant relatives who are Mennonite. They have had cars since I was child.

  8. Alex permalink
    8 March 2009 1:40 am

    I’m going to visit the Mennonite village of Salamanca near Bacalar in Quintana Roo. Contact me if you would like any information and I’ll do what I can.
    Alex
    alexattewell@hotmail.com

  9. john guenter permalink
    8 April 2009 9:03 pm

    yes mennonites come in all chapes and sizes ,
    from very concervitive to liberal.

    • 19 January 2013 4:35 pm

      I agree John,,,thats the best way to describe the Mennonite spectrum

    • 19 January 2013 5:15 pm

      Im sick and tired of historians posting false history of Mennonites,,,mennonite is not a nationality its a denomination named after Menno Simon a dutch reformer, Historians including Harold Press of Pennsylvania and in Kitchener Ontario, Have listed All Russian Mennonites as Dutch origins,,,thats not true,,,the Mennonites that went into Russia are a small combination of Dutch origin and southern, central and northern German origin converts to Menno Simon,,,Just think of it, if all the Mennonite converts came from Holland, then we would have to include the Pennsylvania Mennonites as Dutch origins as well. Menno’s converts come from all accross Europe!! if you want to know more about Origins of names,,, go to http://www.houseofnames.com and go to surenamesearch tab and enter your name to find its origin. Mennonites that went to Russia did not have a Dutch Menno Simons Bible, they brought with them the German Martin Luther Bible. The sad thing is the German speaking Mennonites in Mexiko Bolivia Belize some old colony Paraguayan Mennonites have no clue as to their true origins. Many German speaking Russian Mennonites were Drafted into the SS-Divisions of the German Army when The German Army was forced to retreat from the Red Army during WW 2,,, and survived the fight against the Red Army,,,and remember these Mennonites were not trained Militarily and survived the tough fight against the Russians,,, that spells Strength of great perportians mentally and physically,,,Mennonites are not these SUB HUMAN AS society makes them out to be, read “up from the rubble” and you will find it. Mexiko, Brazil, Paraguay and Uraguay have substantial numbers of mennonites living in these countries that survived WW1 & WW2,,,many constantly attempt to humiliate mennonites as sub humans [ UNTER MENSCHEN] in German, however everytime they are on their encoded humiliation trips,,,trying to deny us our German origins, theyre actually confirming our German heritage and origins,,,to all Germanic Speaking Mennonites world wide,,,SIEG HEIL!!! SIEG HEIL!!! REMEMBER YOU ARE TRUE MENNOKNIGHTS!!!

      • Geo permalink
        17 March 2013 7:57 pm

        I am mennonite and I have no idea what you are talking about. Mennonites mainly came from certain parts of Germany and Swiss especially around the canton bern. These are the swiss mennonites. Russian mennonites are mostly of Dutch mennonite descent as some people are in my church. Most Dutch mennonites that didnt flee during the war were sent to Russian camps or were assimilated. If Mennonites were conscripted in the war thus they are not Mennonite anymore because it is a denomination not a category. True Mennonites are non-resistant and thus if you were in the military you are no longer a Mennonite of any church. Case closed.

  10. Julie permalink
    5 January 2010 6:08 pm

    I’m working on a project with a local mennonite radio broadcasting station on putting together children’s programming that will be broadcast in low german. I am looking for stories, etc. that would be suitable. The people who listen to this station have deep roots in Mexico. Can anyone out there direct me to any resources that might help?

    • Kathy Hamm permalink
      10 July 2010 10:44 pm

      My husband grew up Mexican Mennonite and has relatives that have emmigrated to Canada. His young cousins really enjoyed the Little House on the Prairie series of books, since this is a way of life they can relate to in many ways. I also know that Canadian Sunday School Mission has resources for children if you are looking for something with Christian content.

  11. 6 January 2010 4:42 pm

    Sounds like the mennonites only live in Mexico, but don’t really like the Mexicans, is this what I’m to understand? They don’t speak spanish, and don’t care to mingle with the Mexicans, is that what you all are saying?

    • Kathy Hamm permalink
      10 July 2010 10:53 pm

      My husband was born to Mexican Mennonites but his parents left the group and moved to Canada when he was young. They moved back down for a number of years to try to help the Mennonites from the area they came from. The group from Santa Rita compo seemed to have no problem with the Spanish people. They had a young Spanish-Mexican teacher for their kids so they could learn Spanish, a Spanish-Mexican doctor who was married to a Mennonite woman living among them and when a homeless Spanish-Mexican man came through the area begging at their homes, he was accepted and helped. Many of the Mennonites have regular business dealings with the Spanish-Mexican people, but like any other outsiders, the Spanish-Mexican people are considered worldly and so they aren’t apt to get too close to them, I’m guessing. Of course, there is no accounting for individuals and some Mennonites are kind and some are not, just like anyone else. I hope this helps you out a little.
      I can’t speak for the Mennonites in other parts of Mexico, unfortunately.

      • Mario permalink
        13 July 2010 9:00 pm

        Hi Kathy, yes I realize now that they are quite the “to theirselves” kind, which answer everything pretty much. Thank you for your lovely insight.

        Regarding your radio show idea; what kind of stories are you looking for? They need to be Christian based, most likely, right?

      • Max permalink
        19 September 2013 8:59 am

        I am christian and attend Baptist church; I’m mexican; is it possible for me to marry a mennonite woman? Do I need to become mennonite first? If mennonites believe in the Bible, like I do, should still be a problem?

    • Geo permalink
      17 March 2013 8:01 pm

      No Mario that is wrong. Mennonites love everyone but are careful to allow what they and their families are exposed to. They dont want there family to pick up any habits which would talke them away from God. They want to maintain a wholesome Christian environment for their families were none of their family would walk away from God.

  12. 6 January 2010 4:43 pm

    California grows much better cannibas than any other place on Earth, besides.

  13. 15 January 2010 8:18 pm

    Interesting stuff here. Glad I found it. Your probably right about California cannibas, Mario, so won’t argue that but do agree with the comment that there probably is no Mexican cannibas brought into Canada anymore. I sure hope you’re wrong in assuming Mennonites don’t like Mexicans because to ‘bite the hand that feeds you’ doesn’t sound good. My roots are Mennonite – a lot of my ancestoral relatives moved to Mexico in the 1920s. My own didn’t, because ‘hey, we just got here from Russia, let’s stay awhile and see what evolves’. Or whatever, I think they were just too poor to make the journey. To my distant relatives in Mexico, and everyone else down there, “Hola!”.

  14. 16 January 2010 7:46 pm

    Hopefully all is well with the Mennonite tribes, everywhere. I was planning on doing research down in Chihuahua for a script, but am now wondering how i would be received? I did not realize Canada had such a large Marijuana trade going on? It must come into the US illegally? Do they hire the Mexicans to bring it across?

  15. Fredy permalink
    9 March 2010 8:06 pm

    I am a hispanic from guadalajara.I recently ran into a movie that I thought was in spanish because it was about a community in the border of mexico,I really didnt know the amish resided there.this explains alot.good website

  16. Steve permalink
    6 June 2010 5:35 pm

    Mario, if your looking for material for your script, I have lots of info on the Mennonites. I am sad to say they have a big problem with the very people that graciously allowed then to enter their country. The Mexican people. Many Mennonites are involved in highly illegal activities including: drug rings, smuggling, kidnapping for ransom, white supremacy, and even murder. Because I have observed their culture closeup and even received open confessions of these crimes by Mennonites, I am compromising my safety by sharing too much. Lets just say you should be careful when you are down there gathering information among the Mennonites. Friendly on the surface, but very dangerous if you find out too much about them.

    • Mario permalink
      6 June 2010 10:56 pm

      How did you get access to them? Did you live among them? Yes, I am sure their must be some racism, but that usually is the case no matter where one goes.

      I have heard about the drug smugglers among them, although a few articles I read indicated that they were forced into it by the cartels. Who really knows?

      This is not what my script is about anyway. I will hint here and there on certain such things, but mainly what I want to show are the faith based families. A daughter in particular who wants to marry outside of the clan. ( A romantic dramedy).

      • Claire permalink
        23 September 2010 4:17 pm

        I’m a Costume Designer doing a film set in Mexico. Our 3 brothers find themselves in a Mennonite community looking for clothes and horses. They will all get tall, creme colored cowboy hats, but is there a certain coat/duster or jacket that’s specific to Mexican Mennonite men whether it be for work or church?

  17. 90% wrong permalink
    7 March 2011 9:05 am

    Most of the above written material is a wrong accusation towards mennonites. Even though I’m not a “mennonite” I lived in the mennonite community from mid 70’s to the end of the 80’s and the generation before me was mennonite… this is why I know! Just like every culture and I could name a few, mennonites have their rebels as well. The myth of not speaking spanish…? I had spanish teachers, american teachers and european teachers, so that’s a crock. In fact it’s essential that mennonites speak spanish because they trade with the spanish. On top of that, theirs dozens of different types of mennonites in chihuahua alone, where I lived, and even back in the 80’s, the majority of them drove vehicles, some even had a lot of pride in their wheels. If you want to know, ask; don’t try to tell!

  18. Mario permalink
    10 March 2011 1:15 am

    Hello 90% wrong. Although you are not a Mennonite, how was it that you were aloowed to stay with them? Are you Mexican, by the way? Quite an interesting people, those Mennonites. Thank you for your input, as it is always good to understand from different people, especially those with experience. Steve, the third poster above your post may have been pulling my leg, but who knows. Maybe he came across some bad seeds?

    • Tina permalink
      9 October 2011 7:38 pm

      Hey Mario, Still writing the script? There’s a Horse and Buggy Mennonite conference in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada October 21-22 at the University of Winnipeg. I’m speaking on research I conducted with the Mennonites living in Campeche. We’ve got Donald Kraybill speaking, the authority on the Amish in America. It should be a fabulous conference!

      • Mario permalink
        21 June 2013 2:42 am

        Yes. Slowly but surely still writing it. How’d your conference go by the way?

      • Mario permalink
        21 June 2013 2:43 am

        I live in California, by the way. I hope all is well Tina.

  19. Lyle Wiebe permalink
    14 February 2012 7:20 pm

    Hello there
    I’m looking for some of my relatives that may still be in Mexico. They are from the family of Jacob P. Wiebe. They came down to Mexicoin the early 1900’s from Manitobia. His wife and a number of their children paced away in 1923. If any one can help, it would be very helpfull and you can e-mail at lylewiebe15@gmail.com

    Thankyou
    Lyle Wiebe

  20. Peter Peters permalink
    18 June 2012 11:32 pm

    Hello I am a mennonite and proud to be so. I was born in Belize Central America and lived there until I was 14 years old, and than my parents (Franz und Katarina Peters) decided to move to Mexico. i just want to say that it gives a lot of kinds of mennonites and some just don’t look like them anymore.

  21. Lyell Banman permalink
    28 July 2012 12:46 pm

    As many other Mennonites in Belize, my grandparents came from Mexico. From my mothers side they hail directly from Canada. I love to study ancestry, and would be grateful to anyone that has means of tracing ancestors. Anyone that has the surname “Banman”, please write, as its exciting to meet more of the same!!! lyellkenneth@gmail.com

  22. Heidi permalink
    4 December 2012 11:34 am

    I am American living in the States and my father has 30 acres/12 hectares of agriculture land in Mexico south of Puerto Vallarta. I am trying to help him sell his property to a local farmer in Mexico. Because the Mennonite and Amish communities are farmers, I thought they would be great people to contact. The land is situated among other farm land and ideally it should continue to be used for agriculture. Currently there are tomatoes growing on it. Does anyone have an suggestions in how to reach out to those communities to inquire if they are interested. The land is located in Colima, about 150km south of Puerto Vallarta. Are there Amish or Mennonite communities living there? Thank you, Heidi
    hlpitts@gmail.com

    • Mario permalink
      19 September 2013 5:12 pm

      Did they sell the land? How much for? Sounds like it would be a great place to have a farm.

  23. 4 January 2013 8:50 pm

    I lived in northern Chihuahua in a Mennonite community till i was 16, I would not trade my upbringing for anything. My community was modern on the farm and industry but conservitive in church and personal life. We drove newer vihicles and had tractors and combines, but no smoking no drinking was allowed. A high level of morals were tought and upheld. We were tought to have a close relationship with God and be born again before joining the church in early teen years. We had various subjects in school including reading, writing, geography, science, math and secound language as spanish and english and more. we always had spanish help on the farm and often shared our house with them. We had horses for herding cattle but never for pulling wagons or buggies. ~~ Feel free to email me with any sensible questions~~

    • Leslie Wilkinson permalink
      28 May 2014 10:53 am

      Hello Fred

      I’m writing from the UK. I’m from Canada. My grandfather was a Mennonite from Manitoba. His father had migrated to Mexico and was buried there. His name was John Dyck. I wonder if you know how I can find more information on him?

  24. Abram permalink
    22 April 2013 11:36 am

    I am a Mexican Mennonite used to live in La Honda Zacatecas but now we live in Canada for 6 years now

  25. Juan permalink
    11 August 2014 1:13 pm

    Almost all Mennonites speak Spanish AND English very well, because they have a lot of business with Mexicans and Americans. And work on the farm or in the shop with them as well. Its not true that a few only know some spanish and little or no english.
    They’ve also had vehicles since the 80’s.
    The teachers are Mexicans, Germans, Canadians and Mennonites, they learn from everything.

    • Juan permalink
      11 August 2014 1:23 pm

      And almost all of them know three of four languages, with are Lowgerman, German, English and Spanish
      And almost all Americans know how many? Mostly just English.

  26. Garry permalink
    24 January 2015 4:26 pm

    a lot of talk of Mexico, Belize, Paraguay, Manitoba Ca. but nothing to much about the Aylmer Ontario Ca. community. I am a French Canadian raised English and is part of this Community. If you want to experience (Mexican) Mennonite in it’s modern form, come for a visit. Everyone is one and gets along! I was apprehensive when I first arrived but was pleasantly surprised at the kindness and acceptance by all living together (including Amish)

  27. Mary Lou permalink
    3 April 2017 3:42 am

    My Grandparents (Siemens), old colony, had immigrated to Manitoba or Saskatchewan, then moved to a colony, I believe near Durango & around 1920. My Dad really only told me one story of him being kidnapped by Mexicans at about age 7 in an old vehicle, from which he got away shortly after. His family moved back to the Warman area, his eldest sister married in Mexico & stayed there. Letters were written but he never saw her again. He held on to his faith mostly by reading a German bible. My parents & family lived a more modern life in Saskatchewan.

Trackbacks

  1. Silent Light | Quality Peoples
  2. Ja ist es mexikanisch « The Mex Files
  3. A request… « The Mex Files
  4. 8. Beautiful Bacalar – BOJO IN MEXICO

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